Imoh Etuk

Depression

Depression is one of the most frequent words we often come across on daily basis as we go about our normal activities. Writing on this very important topic although sensitive requires that we should all be conscious and be wary of falling a victim of it.

What is Depression?

According to the American Psychiatric Association is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way we think and how we act.

Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. The World Health Organization (WHO) categories depression as the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability. So everyone of us must be conscious of this silent menace especially in the workplace.

http://www.ngf-hope.org/about-depression/what-causes-depression/

The causes of depression are not fully understood and may not be down to a single source. Depression more often than not is likely due to a complex combination of factors that include:-

  1. GENETICS: – Depression could run in families. For example if an identical twin has depression, the other twin has a 70% chance of having depression also later in life. So is the same with a first degree relative like mother, father.
  2. PERSONALITY: – People with low self esteem who are easily overwhelmed by stress or people who are generally pessimistic are more likely to experience depression. That is why it is important to have a positive outlook on life
  3. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: – Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty may make some people more vulnerable to depression. This is particularly true in our country Nigeria as the harsh living conditions and extreme stress levels that are experienced by the average Nigerian living in Nigeria exposes an average Nigerian to depression. No wonder according to the World Bank 22% of Nigerians suffer from Chronic depression
  4. BODY CHEMISTRY:- Changes or differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression
  5. SOME PRESCRIPTION DRUGS:-  Before starting or taking any medicine please consult your doctor or Pharmacist as some drugs can make an individual susceptible to depression e.g. Beta-Blockers, Corticosteroids etc

There are other causes of depression but we will just limit ourselves to the above for now.

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/what-we-know-about-the-fdas-new-postpartum-depression-drug
  1. Insomnia (Difficulty in sleeping or Hypersomnia (Excessive sleeping)
  2. Agitation e.g. Restlessness, pacing up and down
  3. Fatigue or loss of energy
  4. Unintentional weight loss or low appetite
  5. Reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed e.g. Loss of sexual desire
  6. Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

Treatment(s)

  1. Pharmacological Treatment : This involves the use of drugs or medicines to treat depression. A class of drugs called ANTI-DEPRESSANTS might be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistry if the brain chemicals have been altered which lead to the depression. Please speak to your doctor before embarking on any course of treatment.
  2. Non Pharmacological Treatment : These treatment options involve the use of non drug therapy in countering depression and they includes:

PSYCHOTHERAPY

This therapy can be used alone for treatment of mild depression and it involves speaking to a therapist and the person being helped to recognize distorted thinking and then change behaviors and thinking.

Depending on the severity of the depression, treatment can take a few weeks or much longer. Psychotherapy may involve only the individual or it can include others. E.g Family or couples therapy can help address issues with those relationships. Do not suffer alone in silence; speak to a trusted person about your situation e.g Spouse, Pastor, mentor etc

SELF HELP AND COPING

There are a number of things you can do to help alleviate the symptoms of depression. For example Regular exercise helps create a positive feeling and improves mood. Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol can also help reduce the symptoms of depression.

CONCLUSION

We have gone through the topic Depression looking at the causes, signs & symptoms, treatment etc. Depression is a real illness and help is available, let us look out for one another. We can avoid depression by exercising regularly, having adequate sleep, avoiding emotional triggers, eating a balanced diet, keeping a community of friends around us.

 However, I will like to conclude by quoting a scripture from the Bible in JOHN 10 VS 10 (Amplified version) “The thief comes only in order to steal, kill and destroy. I came that they may have and enjoy life and have it in abundance (to the full, till it overflows)”.

Anything that wants to steal our joy or health is from the thief the devil and must be resisted. Life in Jesus Christ gives us the assurance of victory no matter what comes our way. God wants us to enjoy our lives.

Till next month when I come your way again, STAY HEALTHY AND PRODUCTIVE.

Useful links

  1. Mac Gill, Markus ‘What is depression is  and what can I do about it? Medical News today
  2. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic & statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) Fifth Edition 2013

37 thoughts on “Depression”

  1. Pingback: Hypertension | Imoh Etuk

  2. I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

  3. Aw, this was a really nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to generate
    a good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and don’t seem to get anything done.

  4. Hi there! I realize this is somewhat off-topic however I had to ask.

    Does managing a well-established website like yours require a massive amount work?
    I’m completely new to running a blog but I do write in my diary daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my personal experience and thoughts
    online. Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers.
    Appreciate it!

  5. Hi I am so delighted I found your website, I really found you by
    error, while Iwas researching on Gooogle for something
    else,Regardless I am here now and would just lik tto say many thanks for a
    fantastic post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don?t have time to read through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked iit and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I wull be back too read a great deal more, Please ddo keep up the superb jo.

  6. My brother suggested I would possibly like this blog.
    He was once totally right. This post actually made my day.
    You cann’t believe simply how so much time I had spent for this information!
    Thanks!

  7. Aw, this was an incredibly nice post. Spending some time and
    actual effort to make a very good article… but what can I say…
    I procrastinate a lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  8. Just desire to say your article is as astounding.

    The clarity in your post is just nice and i could suppose you
    are an expert on this subject. Fine along with your permission allow me to grasp your feed to keep
    up to date with drawing close post. Thank you a million and please keep up the rewarding work.

  9. It is actually a great and useful piece of info.

    I’m satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us.
    Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  10. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or
    did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to
    create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.
    appreciate it

  11. excellent submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts of this sector
    don’t understand this. You must proceed your writing.
    I’m sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  12. I simply wanted to thank you yet again for this amazing web-site you have made here.
    It can be full of ideas for those who are actually interested in this subject, particularly this very
    post. Your all so sweet plus thoughtful of others and also reading your blog posts
    is a superb delight with me. And thats a generous reward! Dan and I will certainly have
    excitement making use of your tips in what we
    should instead do in a month’s time. Our collection of ideas is a mile
    long so your tips will be put to great use.

  13. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to
    be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or advice.
    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  14. To follow up on the update of this subject on your blog and would really want to let you know how much I treasured the time you
    took to put together this handy post. Inside the
    post, you spoke on how to truly handle this
    issue with all ease. It would be my own pleasure to gather some more ideas from your website and come as
    much as offer other people what I discovered
    from you. Thank you for your usual great effort.

  15. It’s perfect time to make a few plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this put up and if I may just I wish to counsel you some
    fascinating things or advice. Maybe you can write next
    articles relating to this article. I wish to learn even more
    things about it!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: